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Know the role of the scrum master
Know  the role of the product owner
Know the role of the development team
Know the phases of building a scrum team 

 Prior learning test
Test 2 - Key Roles

Scrum recognises 3 key roles: Development Team, Scrum Master and Product Owner.  The big change in a Scrum project is that everyone on the team has equal status.  The team size is ideally around 9+/-2 which is the ideal size for group  interaction; incidentally this number was discovered by the military through 20 years of statistical research on squad size.

Within the development team there are no titles other than “team member”.  Scrum encourages the creation of a team with all the talents needed to produced an incremental shippable product.  Therefore it may include marketing specialists, testers and programmers.  Where ever possible collaboration work is encouraged.  This is why practices like pair programming have been adopted in the development team.

The Scrum Master

thanks to the http://scrumalliance.org

The Scrum Master is a coach and a mentor and the guardian of the process.  The person must show great organisational, people and technical skills.

Organisational Responsibilities of the Scrum Master

  • Leading and coaching the organization in its Scrum adoption
  • Planning Scrum implementations within the organization
  • Helping employees and stakeholders understand and enact Scrum and empirical product development
  • Causing change that increases the productivity of the Scrum Team
  • Working with other Scrum Masters to increase the effectiveness of the application of Scrum in the organization.

Team Responsibilities of the Scrum Master

  • Coaching the Development Team in self-organization and cross-functionality
  • Helping the Development Team to create high-value products
  • Removing impediments to the Development Team’s progress
  • Facilitating Scrum events as requested or needed
  • Coaching the Development Team in organizational environments in which Scrum is not yet fully adopted and understood

Product Owner Responsibilities of the Scrum Master

  • Finding techniques for effective Product Backlog management
  • Helping the Scrum Team understand the need for clear and concise Product Backlog items
  • Understanding product planning in an empirical environment
  • Ensuring the Product Owner knows how to arrange the Product Backlog to maximize value
  • Understanding and practicing agility
  •  Facilitating Scrum events as requested or needed


Product Owner

The product owner is akin to a product manager position.  The key difference is that they are an integral part of the Scrum team and work hand in hand development to understand the customers needs.

much thanks to henrik kniberg. The product owner responsibility is to:

  • Work with the customers and other stakeholders to define the requirements called user stories in Scrum
  • Support the development team in understanding the user stories
  • Prioritise the user stories in the product backlog
  • Work with the team to find a sensible grouping of user stories to make s sprint which can produce an incremental shippable product

Development Team

The developmental team is a cross functional group of people who can come together to produce an incremental shippment of a product during a 2- 4 week development period ( sprint).  The key aspect of the team is that they own the build process.  They estimate the work, they allocate their tasks, they test, document and most important continuously improve how they do things.

All teams go through a forming-storming-norming and performing curve.  This is why Scrum teams should be kept together so that there capability for self organisation and ownership becomes stronger and stronger.

The key responsibility of the development team are:

  • To support other team members to achieve
  • To attend the product backlog meeting
  • To attend the daily scrums
  • To work collaboratively to achieve the sprint
  • To deliver on their tasks
  • To estimate the size of tasks
  • To be transparent about their achievements and impediments
  • To adhere to the group or company definition of done
  • To learn from their mistakes in the sprint retrospective meeting


In this section you have learnt :


Know the role of the scrum master
Know  the role of the product owner
Know the role of the development team
Know the phases of building a scrum team 

 Post learning test
Test 2 - Key Roles

If you are planning to take the Professional Scrum Master level 1 course you need to get 90% on the following test.